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Projects - 2013

The First National Meeting “Role of women in Agrarian Reform in the Republic of Tajikistan”

The First National Meeting on the role of women in Agrarian Reform in the Republic of Tajikistan
Public organization CAMP Kuhiston will hold The First National Meeting on the role of women in Agrarian Reform in the Republic of Tajikistan jointly and with the financial support of Oxfam. The event will take place on March 28 2013 at the Ismaili Centre 47, Dushanbe.

The First National Meeting on the role of women in Agrarian Reform will bring together representatives from relevant government agencies of the Republic of Tajikistan, and the national experts and practitioners, repre-sentatives of farmer households, associations, non-governmental and international organizations. The event will provide the opportunity for representatives of the various agencies, organizations, women dehkan farms, cooperatives, associations, to share experiences and achievements.

Expected Outputs:
Resolution on behalf of women farmers, cooperatives, leaders of local organizations and submission to the government, INGOs and NGOs to create an enabling environment for women in agriculture, e.g. to assure equal opportunities for women especially regarding access to land, credit, and information.

Creation of network of interested stakeholders of Women in agriculture, biannual meetings to see the follow up of an event.

Meeting Set-Up:
Key-note speeches including presentations of experiences from the field.
Plenary session with the presentation of resolution, discussion and comments
Thematic exhibition: materials, publications of various organizations and cooperatives in order to share the ex-perience implemented in the area of agriculture.

Key Staff:
Roziya Alieva, CAMP Kuhiston Director
Jurabek Rahimov, CAMP Kuhiston Manager
Shifo Mukumova, CAMP Kuhiston admin assistant
Firuza Rubinova, CAMP Kuhiston Finmanager

Project duration:
February 1 2012 – March 31 2012

Project location:
Ismaili Centre, 47 Somoni Street, Dushane, Tajikistan

Projects - 2012

Forum on Sustainable Development of Central Asian Mountain Regions 2012 "Sustainable Land Management –up-scaling benefits for rural communities"





‘Sustainable Land Management –up-scaling benefits for rural communities’
Sustainable land management (SLM) is the use of land resources, including soils, water, animals and plants, for the production of goods to meet changing human needs, while simultaneously ensuring the long-term productive potential of these resources and ensuring their environmental functions. Currently, there are a large number of projects and programs active in the agricultural and forest sector addressing aspects of climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction, biodiversity conservation, food security and poverty alleviation.

The Forum 2012 will facilitate exchanging of experiences of actors working at different levels, from the local to the national, and the global level. Well moderated sessions guiding discussions on lessons learnt from SLM initiatives conducted in Central Asia will help to identify what SLM approaches and technologies should be promoted, how women can best benefit from such efforts and how SLM knowledge in the region can be shared and disseminated to land users, experts and decision makers. Researchers will present results of scientific studies and their relevance to SLM in mountains.

Expected Outputs:
During the sessions of the Forum an integrated approach to planning and management of land re- sources will be discussed. Specifically, the Forum 2012 will provide the following outputs:

Recommendations to the government as well as INGOs and NGOs for promoting and coordinating SLM through policies and guidelines, strategies and plans at the national level, including the promotion of education, training, as well as programs to assure equal opportunities for women especially regarding access to land, credit, and information.
Inter-active knowledge exchange shall be achieved through a SLM knowledge platform on the internet An agenda for prioritized research on SLM with clear application to policy and practice.
Publication of the Forum 2012 report , distribution among participants and other partners; also report will be available on the CAMP Kuhiston webpage: www.camp.tj

Forum Set-Up
Simultaneous translation of Russian and English will be provided during the event. The Forum 2012 will consist of different working methods:
Key-note speeches including presentations of experiences from the field.
Thematic panels, devoted to main topics, and working groups with specific tasks and questions.
Plenary feedbacks from the working groups and discussions
Thematic exhibitions by different organizations in order to disseminate the ongoing efforts undertaken in the field of SLM.
Field visits (best practices of SLM)

Key Staff:
Roziya Alieva, CAMP Kuhiston Director
Jurabek Rahimov, CAMP Kuhiston Manager
Firuza Rubinova, Finmanager
Shifo Mukumova, admin assistant

Project duration:
February 1 2012 – December 31 2012

Project location:
Dushane, Tajikistan

DOWNLOAD REPORT FORUM 2012

Disaster Risk Reduction in Khanatarosh CA-CH-No. P 129159 in Tajikistan

CAMP Kuhiston is an implementing partner of CARITAS in Disaster Risk Reduction in Khanatarosh. CAMP will conduct some in-depth pasture management research to assess pasture capacities and understand in-depth the main problems of ongoing land degradation by surveying the target area. CAMP will conduct various training for the villagers of Khanatarosh watershed

Outcomes:
CAMP will conduct some in-depth pasture management research to assess pasture capacities and understand in-depth the main roblems of ongoing land degradation by surveying the target area. Creation of Village Livestock Committee Pasture Management Plan The stablishment of infrastructural works opens the possibility for developing a pasture management plan.

Key Staff:
Roziya Alieva, CAMP Kuhiston Director
Tuichiboy Safarov, CAMP Kuhiston NRM Coordinator
Rustam Rahimov, NRM Trainer, Consultant
Bozor Rahmonov, CAMP Kuhiston Consultant

Project duration:
August 1 2012 – November 30 2012

Project location:
Hanatarosh village, Tajikistan

Consultancy services to carry out Agro Survey for the IWSM project in Muminabad District

CARITAS Switzerland commissioned CAMP Kuhiston to carry out an agricultural survey in the context of the Integrated Watershed Management Project, carried out by CA-CH in Muminabad District.
The project is implemented in two sub-watersheds in the district of Muminabad town.

Outcomes:
• One satellite map for each watershed on which the identification numbers of the croplands that have been surveyed are clearly marked
• A set of filled out templates, one template per field or zone that has a unique identification number
• The completed digital database of the templates.

Key Staff: Roziya Alieva, CAMP Kuhiston Director
Jurabek Rahimov, CAMP Kuhiston Manager
Davlatbek Davlatov, CAMP Kuhiston Coordinator

Project duration:
April 1 2012 – June 10 2012

Project location: two sub-watersheds in the district of Muminabad Tajikistan

Demonstration Energy Refurbishment of Hospital

Background:
In 2011 CAMP Kuhiston successfully implemented its activities in the frame of the establishment of Demo Energy Center in Nurobod district, village Khakimi, funded by the University of Central Asia. After examining of the work done by CAMP, representative from the donor organization, decided to support with funding CAMP Kuhiston to follow up activities on Energy Efficiency. It was decided to insulate additional two rooms of the hospital in Khakimi village in 2012, in the frame of the project of ‘Demonstration Energy Efficiency Building’ which will include the application of additional renewable energy techniques.

Tasks:
The solar panel will provide enough energy to power the lighting system in four rooms Energy efficiency stove will effectively heat the two additional rooms in a hospital and provide two cooking plates in one of the rooms.

Key Staff:
Roziya Alieva, CAMP Kuhiston Director
Jurabek Rahimov, CAMP Kuhiston Manager
Kaharov Bakhtiyor CAMP Consultant
Abdourakhimov Akmal, Specialist on renewable energy

Project duration:
May 1 2012 – December 2012

Project location:
Tajikistan

Overall Outcome:
This project will serve as a major turning point in the community



Projects - 2011

Demonstration Energy Refurbishment of Hospital

Background: The University of Central Asia, a non-commercial (not for profit) and self-governing international educational organization funded CAMP Kuhiston to build a demonstration energy efficiency building. After consultation with the local government and residents of the Hakimi Watershed Nurobod district, there was a joint decision to invest the funds into the local clinic.

Project description: The work was restricted to two rooms within the hospital. Refurbishment included: 0.75 watt/ hr Solar PVA panel for lighting; Supply of running water (previously none); Solar water heater, storage tank and installation of two sinks with hot and cold water, insulation of floor and ceiling, replacement of windows and doors with UPVC; a fire brick stove built to heat both rooms; the floor was tiled for hygiene purposes and ceiling covered in easy clean plastic sheets. In addition the community undertook major roof repairs. The community shared the workload and were provided with trainings and support in the methods used.

Key Staff:
Roziya Alieva, CAMP Kuhiston Director
Jurabek Rahimov, CAMP Kuhiston Manager
Kaharov Bakhtiyor CAMP Consultant
Fazliddin Abdusamiev, CAMP Consultant
Mirzokurbon Pochoev, CAMP Project Manager

Project duration: May 1 2011 – Oct 30 2011

Project location: Tajikistan

Overall Outcome: This project served as a major turning point in the community in that not only provide significantly improved hospital facilities but also provide a real sense of pride and self worth. The project was shown at the field trip held as part of the Central Asian Mountain Partnership forum on Climate Change.



The room before and after refurbishment

Conducting baseline and end-of-action survey on DRR knowledge and skills among teachers and schoolchildren in DIPECHO VI project target schools

Background:
School safety is a source of global concern about which UNICEF initiates activities under the DIPECHO program. The baseline surveys and questionnaires should have a broader focus than just determining the knowledge and skills of the target subject but should be kept simple and non-technical so that school staff and children, primary sources of information, can easily understand and respond in-depth to the questions. It will therefore not be a scientific assessment but help to acquire basic information and a general sense of the issues.

Based on the CPAP between the Government of Tajikistan, UNICEF and the Annual Work Plan of Action 2009 UNICEF agrees to cooperate with the NGO CAMP Kuhiston (name of NGO/CBO) based in Dushanbe. The overall attempt is the implementation of “Conducting baseline and end-of-action survey on DRR knowledge and skills among teachers and schoolchildren in DIPECHO VI project target schools project implemented by UNICEF” (title of the project).

Project description:
The projects objective is to analyze the impact of UNICEFs DIPECHO VI project measured trough evidence-based data to identify change in knowledge, attitude, perception (KAP) and behavior of children and teachers.
CAMP Kuhiston will therefore conduct baseline surveys among teachers and schoolchildren to submit the knowledge and skills on DRR to a careful examination. The methodology will be based upon a KAP (Knowledge, Attitude and Perception) analysis approach to assess the baseline in the 14 schools selected. This endeavour has already been made by CAMP for the OXFAM DIPECHO 6 projects.
For the DIPECHO VI project CAMP will develop an analytical report on the baseline survey, conduct an end-of-action survey among teachers and schoolchildren on knowledge and skills on DRR and develop a report to compare the data acquisition of November-December 2010 and May-June 2011.

Key Staff:
Roziya Alieva, CAMP Kuhiston director
Davlatbek Davlatov, CAMP Kuhiston Project Coordinator
Mirzokurbon Pochoev, CAMP Kuhiston Project Coordinator
Jurabek Rahimov, Financial Manager
Shane Stevenson, International Consultant

Project duration:
Four months
November – December 2010, May-June 2011

Project location:
Sughd - Aini; DRD - Rasht, Tojikobod; Khatlon – Kulob

Overall Outcome:
assessment of the knowledge, attitude and perception of the school teachers
assessment of the level of knowledge, awareness and understanding of natural disasters by children
assessment of structural and systematic measures


Mirzokurbon shows pic in class



Schoolchildren



Interview with teacher

‘Indoor Cooking and Heating Stoves’ in Nurobod District, Tajikistan

The Jephcott Charitable Trust Company contracted CAMP Kuhiston to implement the Energy Saving Project ‘Indoor Cooking and Heating Stoves’ in Nurobod District, Tajikistan in 2011 as part of an Integrated Watershed Approach to Climate Resilience.

Background
CAMP is already involved in an Integrated Watershed Approach to climate resilience in two high-risk watersheds namely the Nurobod district in Tajikistan. Through independent founding CAMP has that for conducted trainings for local inhabitants of fifteen villages in this district in managing natural disasters, soil and water conservation, fruit tree planting and the stabilisation of slopes and reduction of soil erosion.

As part of the integrated watershed approach CAMP is also applying for additional funding for pasture enhancement, natural disaster mitigation measures and additional planting of trees in watersheds. In the future CAMP would also like to run trainings and provide support in house insulation using local materials.

Project description:
As a part of this integrated approach CAMP aims to train and help the villagers to build low cost, energy efficient two-room indoor heating and cooking stoves. The design developed by the CAMP network uses a mixture of local materials and fire bricks. This results in a 20-40% reduction in fuel use, in this case wood, coal and tapac (dung/soil).

CAMP Kuhiston proposes to do so where CAMP has already built up a rapport with the population. Charges will amount to 250GBP per stove. Each stove will take 7 days to build. CAMP will provide trainers, tools and expertise to help to build them for the most vulnerable members of the community. CAMP is currently supported by a VSO volunteer who will provide additional support and expertise to the project

Key Staff:
Mirzokurbon Pochoev, Project Manager, Energy Specialist
Bahtior Kahhorov, Stove Master
Sherali Jonmahmadov, Trainee Stove Master

Project duration:
March – June , 2011

Project location:
Shahtuti bolo village, Nurobod

Overall Outcome:
A reduction in money spent on fuel per household and simultaneously increasing dung use for fertiliser. Therefore reduce the number of trees felled.
Training local people in building stoves and potentially start a business.
To provide a warmer and healthier environment for the young and elderly.
Allowing families to cook inside their homes, instead of traditionally outside.
To provide a secure source of heating for the next twenty five years.
To provide an important role in the integrated watershed management of this vulnerable area.
Help provide a ‘critical mass’ for these stoves so that demand grows.
To help in the securing funding of an Integrated Watershed Management Approach.


Photo. Two room indoor stove

The Reintroduction of Native Trout Species to the Qaratag River Basin

CAMP Kuhiston in collaboration with the Cooperative ‘Khakimi’ Qaratag will reintroduce fish ‘Salto trutta marfo fario’ to the river in Qaratag Basin River, Tajikistan..

Background
In 2000, the number of trout in rivers Qaratag drastically dropped to 95% and is on the verge of extinction, in that there is a certificate of examination staff and forestry Qaratag Committee on Environmental Protection Area (22 October 2001 and 12 July 2003 examina-tion of the stock of fish in the river Qaratag).
It is therefore proposed that a fish farm will be constructed at the head of the river to rege-nerate fish stock. Fish larvae will be taken from two glacial lakes that feed the river. The larvae will be breed in an incubator and nurtured in three fish ponds before being re-lease.

Project description:
CAMP is aware of the importance of the Qaratag River as a food source for the indigenous people of the area. The river provides fresh drinking water and a constant and reliable sour-ce of electricity, however, it is nearly devoid of fish. During the civil war when food was scarce the people turned to the river for their survival. Therefore CAMP is interested to enhance the rehabilitation of the River Qaratag, and provide support for the indigenous communities of the watershed.

Key Staff:
Roziya Alieva, CAMP Kuhiston director
Jurabek Rahimov, Project Assistant
Kholov Sharif, Finance Manager
Khamidullo Nasrulloev, Fish Specialist
Shane Stevenson, Environmental Consultant

Project duration:
March 1 2011 – February 28 2012

Project location:
Khakimi Jamoat Qaratag, Tajikistan

Overall Outcome:
- Establish a fully operational and economically viable fish farm in the Qaratag Valley that will act as a template for future fish farms in other regions of Tajikistan.

- To demonstrate that ecological diminished areas of Tajikistan can be rehabilitated.

- To invigorate the local community to start implementing their own activities to safe guard their own environment.

- Allow the Fishery Department to be involved in the implementation of the project and build up their capacity in the effective construction, operation and maintenance of a fish farm. The success of the project will hopefully lead to government funding for futher fish farms to be constructed in Tajikistan.

- Long term employment for the members of the Cooperative of Qaratag. The project will provide them with a source of income that can be invested into the community such as the infrastructure and ecological enhancement.

- The successful restocking of the river will lead to an improve diet for the local community and a potential source of income in the years to come.

- Collaboration will be established with the representative of Cooperative ‘Hakimi’ in Qaratag, communities through meetings, discussions. MoU, agreements, contracts, will be signed.


Design and prepare hazard maps in 36 villages in the Zeravshan Valley

CAMP Kuhiston in collaboration with Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusamme-narbeit (GIZ) GmbH will desing and prepare hazard maps in 36 villages in the Zerashan Val-ley.

Background
CAMP Kuhiston elaborated GoogleEarth maps for 85 villages in Khatlon region. For each vil-lage, an overview map at a scale of 1:15’000 and in case of sufficient image resolution a de-tail map at a scale of 1:3’000-6’000 are deduced from GoogleEarth and printed in A3 format. The maps can then be used for field work and the results of the mapping can in a further step be digitized using either graphical or preferably geo-referenced software (GIS).

Project description:
CAMP Coordinator will visit 36 villages in the Zerashan Valley together with the GIZ DRR local consultant to gather information for emergency and hazard maps. GIZ will produce the final hazard maps on the base of prepared maps by CAMP.

Key Staff:
Davlatbek Davlatov, CAMP Coordinator;
Yvo Weidmann, Geometrics and Software Engineering Specialist

Project duration:
01 March 2011 to 31 May 2011

Project location:
Zeravshan Valley, Tajikistan

Overall Outcome:
- Designing and preparing emergency and hazard maps of 2D and 3D.
- Indication of signs and symbols in each map (see example below).
- Production of scaled Google Earth maps to aid organisation in assessing, monitoring and evaluating the potential risk created by natural hazards


Pilot Programme for Climate Resilience (PPCR) in Tajikistan, Phase 1, Component A5 – Sustainable Land Management

Background
The current major land use systems in Tajikistan are; irrigated and rainfed cropland, grazing lands, and forests and all will be impacted by changes in climatic conditions depending upon their location within the country.

For the coming years, it is expected that Tajik agriculture faces varying climate change im-pacts which, on the whole, will deteriorate production conditions and thus adversely affect the economy and rural livelihoods. Already, climate change is associated by the local popu-lation to environmental changes, such as drying up of springs on pastures, increased num-ber of floods and mudslides, events of extreme cold and drought as in 2008, and shortened growing seasons in the Pamirs.

It is expected that climate change and weather extremes will exacerbate agricultural prod-uctivity decline on already degraded land. However, SLM systems will provide a level of resilience to climate change, within certain parameters and conditions. It is envisaged that SLM systems have the potential, to increase land productivity, improve rural livelihoods, and improve ecosystems.

Project description:
CDE (Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern) will provide their international expertise in project management in the implementation of this project. They will use their experience of working in Central Asia to bring the relevant actors from acade-mic institutions, government bodies and communities together to collate, analyse, and ultimately produce recommendations for the Pilot Programme for Climate Resilience. CDE is the lead institution for the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South, a 12 year programme focusing on research partnerships for sustainable development.

CAMP Kuhiston is a partner of the CDE within this Pilot Programe.
Through community participatory approach and liaison with several academic institutions CAMP has continued to develop and disseminate trainings on all levels society within Tajikistan. CAMP is also part of the Central Asian Mountain Partnership network and has recently contributed to the Climate Change Forum in Kazakhstan.

CAMP will provide logistical support, access to academic and government institutions, and use its AGOCA (Alliance Central Asia Mountain Communities) network to harness local level input through trainings.

Key Staff:
Roziya Alieva, CAMP Kuhiston Director
Jurabek Rahimov, CAMP Kuhiston Manager
Bozor Rahmonov, CAMP Consultant
Dr. Bettina Wolfgramm (NCCR North-South), PPCR Project Leader
Shane Stevenson, PPCR Project Manager

Project duration:
March 1 2011 – July 30 2011

Project location:
Tajikistan

Overall Outcome:
Assist for the entire project, including planning, execution and results analysis.

Assist for the training sessions, workshops at the national level

Assist in development and dissemination of materials

Providing training on climate change resilience

Awareness of AGOCA villagers raised in adaptation to Climate Change

Hazard risk and Land-use-planning mapping. Training for Ainy and Penjikent Hukumats

Background:
In August-October 2010, the Deutsche Welthungerhilfe e.V. (WHH) commissioned CAMP Kuhiston to design and prepare hazard maps in 23 villages in the Zeravshan Valley. Previous maps produced where not fully understood by the village communities and WHH developed a new style of map using Adobe Illustrator as drawing computer package. CAMP staff visited all of the villages and recorded location and co-ordinates of the hazard zones with in the local of the villages. This information was transferred using GoogleEarth and digitized through Adobe Illustrator highlighting key social and environmental aspects.

In collaboration with Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH CAMP designed based on the WHH-layout and prepared hazard maps in 36 villages in the Zerashan Valley in March-April 2011. CAMP collaborator visited 36 villages in the Zerashan Valley together with the GIZ DRR local consultant gathered information for emergency and hazard maps. GIZ produced the final hazard maps on the base of prepared maps by CAMP.

Project description:
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH commisioned CAMP Kuhiston to conduct training for the Hukumat representatives of Penjikent and Ainy in Natural Hazards Mapping in May-June 2011. After training the representatives have to be able to maintain and update by themselves the hazard risk maps and the emergency maps which are elaborated by CAMP. This involves a basic training in the usage of the software package Adobe Illustrator, training in transferring field information from sketches to the final maps, a simple step-by-step description of the process and a backstopping after a certain time.
Aim of the training: Building of Government representatives capacity (Hukumat of Penjikent and Ainy) in Natural Hazard Mapping.

Key Staff:
Davlatbek Davlatov, CAMP Co-ordinator
Yvo Weidmann, Geometrics and Software Engineering Specialist

Project duration:
May 15 - December 15 2011

Project location:
Hukumats of Penjikent and Ainy

Overall Outcome:
- Responsible staff of the Hukumat will be independent in maintaining and updating of the Risk and Hazards Maps.
- Hukumat staff will be independent in using Illustrator for the tasks required by the update of the Risk and Hazard maps.
- Hukumat staff will be trained to transform information from the field into the maps.

During 6 months CAMP will provide additionally technical support in the field of risk and hazard mapping using Illustrator.

Projects - 2010

Disaster Risk Assessment / Mapping

Background:
CAMP Kuhiston conducted a participatory on Risk Assessment/ Mapping with Villages Disaster Management Groups in 14 villages of Khatlon region selected under their Dipecho 6 programmed for Oxfam.

Project description:
Camp Kuhiston moderators held workshops in the selected community, visited hazard zone, vulnerable location and key social and environment aspects of the community. This information was used to develop a village disaster management plan with the community, hazard maps, and mitigation proposals for future risk adversion planning.

Key Staff:
Bozor Rahmonov, CAMP Co-ordinator
Hurshed Elmurodov, trainer
Shane Stevenson, VSO Volunteer

Project duration:
September 22 - October 30th, 2010

Project location:
14 villages of Kulyab area

Beneficiaries:
14 Village emergency groups as Direct Beneficiaries

Oucomes:
A one document approach to containing all the vital information for a community in Natural Disaster Risk Management.

Photo: Example of a Community Hazard Map

Village Hazard Mapping (Zerafshan Valley)

Background:
WHH/GAA commissioned CAMP Kuhiston to design and prepare hazard maps in 23 villages in the Zeravshan Valley. Previous maps produced where not fully understood by the village communities and GAA developed a new style of map using Adobe Illustrator.

Project Description:
Camp staff visited all of the villages and recorded location and co-ordinated of the hazard zones with in the local of the villages. This information was transferred using Google earth pro and digitised through Adobe Illustrator highlighting key social and environmental aspects.

Key Staff:
Bozor Rahmonov, CAMP Consultant
Davlatbek Davlatbekov, CAMP Co-ordinator

Project duration:
11 August 2010 to 31 October 2010

Project location:
Sogd Province

Outcome:
See Maps

Picture: Example of the Hazard maps for Communities

'Energy Assessment’ (Saodat / VSO)

Background:
CAMP Kuhiston was commissioned by Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO) to conduct an Energy Assessment for the Public Organisation, Saodat based in Khojand. Sadoat arranged for CAMP staff to conduct an energy assessment in the districts of Spitamen and Ganchi in the Sugd Region. The purpose of the assessment was twofold, first to assess the current energy use (i.e. fuel types and quantity) in the districts, and secondly to gauge opinion on the introduction on different basic energy saving technologies.

Project description:
In July 2010, VSO and Camp Kuhiston undertook an energy assessment in the Spitamen and Ganchin districts in the Sugd region of Tajikistan. The assessment was undertaken in conjunction with the communities aided by the Women’s Public Organisation; Saodat. The assessment revealed that energy expenditure and use was a significant issue in both districts. In Ganchi district in particular, there was a large annual expenditure on fuels. It was also evident that the participants of the assessment had not collated data on their energy expenditure before and were surprised at how high it was.

During the assessment new technologies and energy saving techniques were introduced to the participants. The participants were very receptive to all the ideas; in particular the low cost stove adaptation, the two room stove and the solar lights. Possible insulation techniques were also discussed but the participants showed less enthusiasm for these methods. The participants realised the value of the new techniques and were receptive to adopting and implementing new methodologies. There is the potential to have a big impact on the quality of life of these districts if they were provided with technical and financial assistance to reduce the amount of energy used.

Key Staff:
Mirzokurbon Pochoev, CAMP Co-ordinator
Shane Stevenson, VSO Volunteer

Project duration:
July 2010

Project location:
Sogd Province

Overall Outcome:
Within a workshop setting participants were encouraged to discuss and evaluate their energy needs, problems and costs and introduced to several new technologies, and adaptation of old technologies to aid in the reduction of energy use. This was demonstrated through practical demonstrations and posters.

Photo: Participant reviewing stove adaptation design

Knowledge, Attitude, Perception – Natural Disaster Baseline Assessment

Background:
CAMP Kuhiston was commissioned by OXFAM GB to undertake a K.A.P analysis (Knowledge, Attitude and Perception) assessment of 14 selected communities in the Khatlon Region of Tajikistan.

The assessment was to be undertaken to gauge the level of understanding with regards to natural disasters in two distinct groups in each community; adults and children. The assessment is to be used as a baseline survey so at the conclusion of OXFAM’s activities within Dipecho 6, the level of understanding can be re-assessed using the same assessment tool.

Project description:
CAMP Kuhiston developed two questionnaires for the purpose of the assessment, one for adults and one for children. Two coordinators with the support of OXFAM’s Community Mobilises interviewed 13-20 individuals with each selected community and a group of approximately 15 school children. The Community members were picked ‘ad hoc’ and interviewed in seclusion.

Key Staff:
Davlatbek Davlatov, CAMP Co-ordinator
Bozor Rakhmonov, Ministry of Water and Melioration,

Project duration:
July 2010

Project location:
Khatlon Province

Overall Outcome:
CAMP Kuhiston gathers information from 204 adults and 163 children in 14 selected communities. The results showed a basic level of knowledge, a positive attitude to tackling the problem and perceived the threat from natural disasters as serious.

Photo: School Children standing next to the sign for a natural disaster

‘Monitoring & Evaluation’ (OSRO/TAJ/603/WB) ‘Community Agriculture and Watershed Management’

Background:
FAO commissioned CAMP Kuhiston to undertake monitoring and evaluation of their Small Grant implementation project Community Agriculture and Watershed Management (OSRO/TAJ/603/WB) in the Dangara district. The project was designed to provide small grants of up to $15,000 to help improve the livelihoods of the local inhabitantsю The project was implemented from 2007 -2009 at an approximate cost of $1.5 million. There were three components to the project:

• A1: Productivity Improvement
• A2: Land and Natural Resource Management
• A3: Rehabilitation of Infrastructure
In total there were 450 projects funded over this implementation period.

CAMP Kuhiston was required to manage the monitoring and evaluating of the projects whilst using FAO’s own monitoring staff. CAMP Kuhiston was required to develop a methodology and decide upon the projects to be visited. The logistics of the monitoring were organised by FAO.

Project description:
The FAO project basically consisted of the allocation of small grants to village communities to improve their livelihoods. All the communities were required to provide a minimum of a 20% contribution.
Of the 450 projects funded, the team decided to monitor and evaluate 10% (45) of the projects. These were selected on the basis of different activities; this resulted in visiting projects in 6 Jamoats in Dangara.
The projects were split into 11 different categories these included activities such as bee keeping, flour processing and infrastructure projects. The majority of projects were successfully implemented, with a varied degree of assistance to the beneficiaries.
The infrastructure projects such as the bridge construction and road repairs benefited the most people. Villagers can now safely access schools, medical facilities and markets, where this was not possible during the heavy rains or the winter months.
The water supply project again served many beneficiaries and in some cases brought fresh water to villages that previously did not have access to drinking water.
The service projects had more limited beneficiaries however the bee keeping and gardening projects showed signs that they would be expanded by the communities after the project has finished and the sewing project was providing an alternative income for women in the communities.
The impact of the cattle and pasture project was harder to evaluate at this early stage.
The monitoring team recommended that monitoring is undertaken at a later stage to evaluate the long term sustainability of the projects.
Overall the FAO project provided positive results and it was noted that as well as the direct impact of the projects, the indirect impact of empowering the community and enabling them to decide on their own needs and their high level of participation will assist them to help themselves in the future.

Key Staff:
Roziya Alieva – CAMP Director
Mirzokurbon Pochoev – CAMP Coordinator

Project duration:
May 4 – May 21 2010 (17 days)

Project location:
Dangara District, Khatlon Province

Overall Outcome:
In total 45 projects were evaluated by UN FAO and CAMP Coordinators in the period of one week in April & May 2010. One of the notable indirect benefits was the empowerment of the villagers and letting them decided what best suited their needs and what they were willing to participate and collaborate with.


Fig: Small Grant - Pasture Management Project

Projects - 2009

Natural Disaster Risk Management and Soil and Water Conservation Training

Background: The Asian Development Bank is funding a large scale natural disaster mitigation programme through ACTED. There are several elements to the programme ad CAMP is involved in training the ACTED moderators so they are able to teach and disseminate information on Natural Disasters in 130 villages in the South of Tajikistan.

Project description: Camp has two elements to the project; the first is the elaboration and development of training for the 25 ACTED moderators. In this part CAMP has reviewed all its workshop material and updated the trainings in line with the activities of other organisations acting in this field. There is a four day workshop in Natural Disaster Risk Management and a three day training programme on Soil and Water Conservation.
The second part of the project is the monitoring and evaluation of the ACTED trainings within the village setting. The training is only part of the project and there is emphasis to ensure that there are synergies between the different parts of the project.

Key Staff: Davlatbet Davlatov, CAMP Co-ordinator
Bozor Rakhmonov, Ministry of Water and Melioration,
Maniza Ibodova, ILRM Trainer
Ruzimurod Boymurodov, Tajik Agrarian University, Faculty of Agricultural

Project duration: November / December 2009 (1 month)

Project location: Kurgan Teppa

Overall Outcome: Training 25 ACTED moderators on newly developed programme to enable them to teach at village level about natural disasters and soil and water conservation.

Fig: Aftermath of the Khuroson mud flow in the South of Tajikistan, project designed to prevent re-occurrence

Natural Disaster Risk Management Workshops (with Red Crescent and Committee of Emergency Situations)

Background:
The United Nations Disaster Risk Management Programme employed CAMP to undertake training in Natural Disaster Risk Management with elements of the training provided by the Committee of Emergency Services and Representatives from the Red Crescent. The project was designed to bring together different training organisations into one training programme for the heads of the village’s of four districts local to Dushanbe.

Project description:
The project combined theoretical and practical workshops over a period of four days for the heads of villages. It provided outline information on the role of the Committee of Emergency Services, systematic approach to a natural hazard risk assessment and practical demonstration of first aid from Red Crescent.
The participants were taken to the field to discuss the key elements of the theoretical training including who and what is vulnerable, mitigation measures, and what activities can be effective in reducing the risk from natural disasters.

Key Staff:
Davlatbet Davlatov, CAMP Co-ordinator
Bozor Rakhmonov, Ministry of Water and Melioration,
Abdufattoh Mirzoev, Tajik Project Institute of Land Survey (Tojikzaminsoz)

Project duration:
November 2009 (1 month)

Project location:
Hissar, Varzob, Vahdat, Rudaki Districts

Overall Outcome:
Dissemination of information on natural disaster enabling participants to evaluate the risk from potential hazards through a risk assessment process so that they are able to produce proposals for mitigation to be submitted to Local government and other organisations.

Fig: Practical Demonstration of First Aid as part of the integrated training.

Evaluation of Disaster Risk Management Activities

Background:
Oxfam GB contracted CAMP to carry out a follow up monitoring and evaluation of Integrated Local Risk Management activities in 13 villages in the Vose and Kulob districts. There was particular emphasis on the level of activity of the Alarm groups and using the Family Disaster Management Plans (FDMP) to highlight the potential risks to vulnerable households.

Project description:
For this joint project, CAMP provided a project coordinator and four moderators, which form two teams, each team covering one district. CAMP Kuhiston provided some of its own material but also used the project to trial material from other organisation such as Oxfam, Caritas and Mission East.
The CAMP moderators spend two days in each village reinforcing the necessity and activities of the Alarm teams and women’s groups. Additionally, they identify the most vulnerable households using the risk assessment tool. There was practical demonstration of the Family Disaster Plans for the participants demonstrating the depth of knowledge of the local inhabitants with regards to natural disasters.

Key Staff:
Khurshed Elmurodov, Tajik Agrarian University, Faculty of Economics,
Lola Maraimova, Red Crescent Trainer
Manuchehr Mirakibekov, Trainer
Chaman Dodihudoeva, Trainer

Project duration:
November 2009 (1 month)

Project location:
13 villages in Vose and Kulob Districts

Overall Outcome:
Reinforcement of the learning in the Natural Disaster Risk Workshops and the activities and responsibilities of Alarm Groups. Also, CAMP provided practical support for vulnerable households through the Family Disaster Plans.

Fig: Oxfam community imobiliser working woth CAMP staff on reinforcement of training for Alarm groups and women’s groups in Kulyob district

Sustainable use of natural resources through Energy Efficiency Muminobod District (2 projects)

Background:
The general and acute lack of energy supply combined with constantly rising prices of fossil fuels and electricity force a large number of rural households to rely on relatively cheap and accessible biogenic energy sources such as wood, crop residues and dung. This major shift compared to the Soviet period however, has increasingly negative impacts on vegetation cover and soil fertility, what subsequently open doors for soil erosion and desertification.

Project description:
CAMP Kuhiston held 1 day workshops in the target villages in order to build and strengthen the understanding of the advantages and opportunities of energy saving activities. There was a practical workshop for participants to demonstrate how to build a German design two room heating and cooking stove, and an outdoor Nepalese cooking stove. In addition in the Caritas project there was some deign development of the traditional ‘peschka’ with a view to removal of smoke from the cooking room.

Key Staff:
Mirzokurbon Pochoev, Project Manager, Energy Specialist
Bahtior Kahhorov, Stove Master
Sherali Jonmahmadov, Trainee Stove Master

Project duration:
1 Month (October and November)

Project locations:
Childukhtaron (Fauna and Flora)
Muminobod (Caritas Switzerland)

Overall Outcome: To raise awareness of the issue of energy efficiency and provide practical solutions on how to reduce participants’ dependency on natural resources.

Fig.: CAMP’s Nepalese Stove built in both projects.

Sustainable use of Natural Resources through Energy Efficiency Measures

Background:
The general and acute lack of energy supply combined with constantly rising prices of fossil fuels and electricity force a large number of rural households to rely on relatively cheap and accessible biogenic energy sources such as wood, crop residues and dung. This major shift compared to the Soviet period however, has increasingly negative impacts on vegetation cover and soil fertility, what subsequently open doors for soil erosion and desertification.

Project description:
CAMP Kuhiston holds 3 days workshops in the target villages in order to build and strengthen the understanding of the advantages and opportunities of energy saving activities. Together with villagers, energy strategies are developed that shall be implemented during the project period. In each village, a CAMP stovemaster together with local craftsmen are building a German designed two-room stove in a preselected household.
At the end of the project period, the implementation and success of the energy strategies is examined for each village and the village with the best performance will be rewarded with a 1’000 ? energy grant.

Key Staff:
Mirzokurbon Pochoev, Project Manager, Energy Specialist
Bahtior Kahhorov, Stove Master
Sherali Jonmahmadov, Trainee Stove Master

Project duration:
July 2009 – July 2010 (12 months)

Project locations:
Eloq village (Faizobod), Khundashar village (Muminobod), Darg village (Ainy )

Overall Outcome:
To develop pilot energy efficiency strategies in three villages and provide support and assistance in their implementation.

Fig.: CAMP stovemasters during the construction of a European type two room stove in Eloq vilage.

Sustainable use of Natural Resources through ‘Pasture Management’ and ‘Fruit Cultivation’ Workshops

Background: Structural changes in agriculture have resulted in suboptimal management of many grazing areas in Tajikistan. Small farmers can rarely afford to transport their herds to remote summer mountain pastures. This frequently leads to overgrazing of common pastures near villages, while distant pastures fall prey to bush encroachment and loose their fodder value.

Project description: CAMP Kuhiston is carrying out two workshops in each village: A two days course on fruit cultivation that was designed specifically for the project and a three days course on pasture management that was already tested in 2008 in three workshops held for Caritas in Khovaling and Muminobod Districts. The workshop participants are members of the Dekhans, traditional farmer associations that are meant to be strengthened through the project activities.

This is now extended to include further workshops in the RASHT Valley in 2010.

Key Staff: Bozor Rakhmonov, Tajik State National University, Faculty of Geology,
Ruzimurod Boymurodov, Tajik Agrarian University, Faculty of Agricultural,
Khikmatullo Nazirov, Tajik State National University, Faculty of Biology,
Nurmahmad Kamolov, Tajik State National University

Project duration: July 2009 – October 2009 (4 months)

Project location: Eloq (Faizobod District) and Bobosurkhon (Hisor District), Tajikistan

Overall Outcome: Raising awareness in sustainable pasture management and fruit management techniques for a combined total of 40 participants in two villages.

Fig. 11: Fruit culture workshop held in Eloq village, July 2009.

Preparation of GoogleEarth Maps for Disaster Risk Assessments

Background: The MECO Consortium (Mission East, Caritas, Oxfam) together with the Committee for Emergency Situations (CoES) developed a simple but efficient risk assessment tool (RAT) that allows for a stepwise determination of disaster risk levels at village and household level. The quality of the assessment team’s work depends on available maps, since these are needed for accurately assessing the existing risk zones within the villages. Tajikistan lacks in ortho-images of suitable resolution that are accessible for the public. However, GoogleEarth is constantly extending the coverage with sufficiently resolved images that can be used for the purposes of risk mapping at village level.

Project description: CAMP Kuhiston elaborates GoogleEarth maps for 85 villages in Khatlon region. For each village, an overview map at a scale of 1:15’000 and in case of sufficient image resolution a detail map at a scale of 1:3’000-6’000 are deduced from GoogleEarth and printed in A3 format. The maps can then be used for field work and the results of the mapping can in a further step be digitized using either graphical or preferably geo-referenced software (GIS).

Key Staff: Davlatbek Davlatov, CAMP Co-ordinator;
Nosim Aliev Trainer GIS Tajik Agrarian University

Project duration: April 2009 – May 2009 (2 months)

Project location: 85 villages in Khatlon Province (Tajikistan)

Overall Outcome: Production of scaled Goggle Earth maps to aid organisations in assessing, monitoring and evaluating the potential risk created by natural hazards.

Fig : A Google Earth Map of the Khuroson Mud Flow used to assess the nature and cause of the event.

Monitoring and Evaluation of ILRM-Workshops (Development of Family Disaster Management Plans)

Background: Caritas contracted CAMP to carry out a follow up evaluation of Integrated Local Risk Management workshops that were held in 2008 by CAMP and NGO Yoron in 16 villages. Particularly, the quality and functionality of the Village Disaster Management Plan (VDRMP) should be examined. Additionally, CAMP is developing and implementing Family Disaster Management Plans (FDMP) and helps the villages in the elaboration process of mitigation proposals.

Project description: For this joint project, CAMP provides a project coordinator and six moderators, which form three teams, each team covering one district with five to six villages. CAMP Kuhiston also takes the lead in developing the required materials such as Family Disaster Management Plans (FDMP), household checklists and laminated village maps indicating hazard zones and access routes to safe haven that are distributed to the most vulnerable households.
The CAMP moderators spend three days in each village during which they monitor the outcomes of the previously hold Integrated Local Risk Management (ILRM) workshops. Additionally, they identify the most vulnerable households using the risk assessment tool (RAT) developed by Caritas, Mission East and Oxfam. Concentrated on these households, a workshop in Family Disaster Management which trains families living in disaster prone areas to deal with future events is held. In a last step, our ILRM moderator teams assist the villagers in the elaboration process of proposals for small-scale mitigation projects. This includes calculation of costs, viability of the proposed actions and availability of community support.

Key Staff: Davlatbek Davlatov, CAMP Co-ordinator.
Khurshed Elmurodov, Tajik Project Institute of Land Survey (Tojikzaminsoz),
Lola Maraimova, Red Crescent Trainer
Manuchehr Miralibekov, Trainer
Behru Nasurova , Tajik National State University
Munavvara Rashidova, Tajik Agarian University

Project duration: August 2009 – September 2009 (2 months)

Project location: 16 villages in Khovaling, Muminobod, Shurobod Districs, Khatlon Province

Overall Outcome: Reinforcement of the learning in the Natural Disaster Risk Workshops, practical support for vulnerable households, preparation of Village Disaster Plans and peer review of Mitigation Proposals for local government.

Fig.: CAMP Kuhiston moderator promoting the Family Disaster Management Plan in Arabo village (Shurobod District).

Fig.: Members of the Alarm group drafting mitigation proposals.

Fig. Working at grassroots level in Guliston village (Shurobod District). August 2009.

Forum 2009 on: ‘Labour Migration – Facing Challenges and Opportunities’

Background: The CAMP Forum is an annually held event organised by the CAMP Network in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Its aim is to strengthen the network of organisations promoting the sustainable development of Central Asian mountain regions and to stimulate multi-level policy dialogue, whereby there is particular emphasis on listening to the concerns and visions of inhabitants of mountainous villages. The first CAMP Forum was held in 2002 in Bishkek and since then, the Forum has been repeated annually rotating among Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan.

Project description: The topic of labour migration is a very important and timely issue in all Central Asian countries, particularly in rural mountain areas. In Tajikistan in 2008 remittances from migrants constituted over 40% of the overall GDP of the country. For many households in mountain regions, labour migration and the corresponding remittances represent the key strategy to sustain livelihoods and escape extreme poverty. The received remittances from labour migration constitute an opportunity for the development of mountain regions. However, a recent survey in Tajikistan showed that despite the considerable input to the national economy through remittances sent by labour migrants, so far labour migration has not become a big source of savings and – consequently – of development of small and medium business. Considering this, programs and projects enhancing the development impact of remittances have been started and will need to be further intensified.

The crisis of the world economy is affecting and will most probably further affect the poor regions of Central Asia in the coming months, since many migrants have lost or are about to loose their job in Russia, e.g. due to reduced building activities. Many of them are expected to return to their home villages. At the moment it is not clear, the magnitude and impact the expected back-migration will have. However, it will generate new challenges for many families in the mountain regions of Central Asia.

In this context, CAMP Kuhiston believes, that there is a need to address the topic of migration both as challenge and opportunity at the Forum 2009.

Project duration: June 2009 – December 2009

Forum date: October 8th-9th, 2009; Kohi Vahdat, Dushanbe (Tajikistan)

Partners: Caritas Switzerland, ACTED, German Agro Action Committee of Woman and Family Affairs, Republic of Tajikistan International Organisation for Migration (IOM) MSDSP / Aga Khan Foundation University of Central Asia (UCA)

Overall Outcome: To provide a platform for the, dissemination of information, discussion of key issues and the development of structure recommendations for future actions.

Fig. 4: Thematic Session on Research in Labour Migration in Central Asia, Dushanbe, 2009.

Fig. 5: Participants listening to the opening speech from the Head of Employment Department and Social Protection of Tajik Government.

Fig. 6: Photographic Session at the end of the Forum


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Projects - 2008

Integrated Local Risk Management (ILRM) Phase 3

Background:
As most of Tajikistan?s area can be considered as mountainous terrain, the country is prone to frequently recurring natural disasters such as floods, mudflows, landslides, rockfalls and earthquakes. However, the current governmental structures in charge of emergency situations generally lack the necessary financial and human resources to effectively accomplish their tasks. Furthermore the roles and responsibilities in cases of emergency between the Central Government, the district administrations and local communities are unclear and overall capacities insufficient. Moreover, the maintenance of the existing protection structures is insufficient leading to their partial or even total destruction. Local communities are not in a position to fully compensate the shortcomings of the governmental institutions while struggling to take over as many responsibilities as possible. They still lack both technical knowledge and skills to prevent and manage disastrous events in a satisfactory way.

Project description:
The third phase of our ILRM project is a further development of the experiences gained during the first (2004-2006) and the second (2006-2007) phase of the project. ILRM aims at building and strengthening the risk management capacity at the local level in rural regions.

The project consists of three components: (1) A training component that comprises 15 villages provided with a 5 days L4S (Learning for Sustainability) workshop, a tool successfully used since several years in Central Asia. Thereby, the awareness of local communities towards the subject of natural hazards is raised and the communities come up with village disaster management plans which are a first step towards a coordinated approach in disaster preparedness and resilience. (2) Small-scale mitigation measures such as riverbank stabilisation, tree planting on slopes, etc. Simple proposals for such measures are one of the outputs of the workshops and can then by handed in to potential donors. (3) Efforts to facilitate an efficient collaboration between communities and local governments, e.g. through initiative groups comprising villagers, representatives of local governments and Committee of Emergency Services.

Key Staff:
Bozor Rakhmonov, Ministry of Water and Melioration,
Ruzimurod Boimurodov, Tajik Agrarian University, Faculty of Agrochemistry,
Khurshed Elmurodov, Tajik Project Institute of Land Survey (Tojikzaminsoz),
Munavvara Rashidova, Tajik Agrarian University, Faculty of Agronomy.
Behru Nasurova, Tajik State National University, Faculty of Philosophy
Khurshed Baigenov, University of Commerce, Faculty of Customs,
Manuchehr Shodibekov, Tajik Geology Institute

Project duration:
November 2008 ? November 2010 (24 months)

Project location:
Nurobod district (Rasht valley)

Village-based Risk Assessment Maps:
To see the maps click here

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Partners:
Caritas Switzerland, Oxfam, UN DRMP, Committee of Emergency Situations

Overall Outcome:
To raise awareness in 15 villages, to over 300 participants, though the use of newly developed tools to specifically target natural disaster prevention and preparedness.

Fig. 1: Group of villagers attending CAMP's workshop on Integrated Local Risk Management.

Fig. 2: Testing the newly developed baseline assessment and monitoring tool in Duoba village (Varzob District), June 2009.

Fig. 3: Field work in Mujiharf village (Nurobod District): Observing disastrous river processes and landslides.