Natural disasters (floods, landslides, mudslides, earthquakes) are frequent in Central Asia. They cause high death tolls and heavy material damage. In many cases, development efforts are destroyed within minutes. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the successor states are no longer in a position to secure appropriate maintenance of their complex disaster management structures. Important tasks that used to be the responsibility of centralised government organisations have been transferred to the local administrations.
Objective: Through seminars and training workshops for local decision makers, CAMP Kuhiston increases the awareness of communities on risks and builds decentralized capacity for disaster risk reduction and impact minimization.
Methodology: The developed training tools are based on LforS (Learning for Sustainability) which is an innovative approach for facilitating group learning processes. The participants with various levels of knowledge and experience as well as different interests and perception of information work for several days together on certain thematic questions. One of the conditions of the LforS approach is that the workshops are held in a village and the external participants stay in the village for the duration of the workshop, eating and living together with the local participants.
Advantages: Our seminars allow peasants to believe in themselves and to realize their important role. Partnership and relationship arises during seminars between villagers and the invited external participants (representatives of authority, NGOs, international organizations). LforS seminars on integrated local risk management were held all over Tajikistan, including, trans boundary seminars in Tajik-Kyrgyz border districts. Since 2004 about 100 LforS seminars on integrated local risk management were held all over Tajikistan, including, transboundary seminars in Tajik-Kyrgyz border districts.
Results: After the seminars villagers elaborate projects proposals for the realization of ideas on risk reduction and impact minimization in their villages. Some of these proposals are supported by CAMP Kuhiston or the villagers submit their project proposals to other local and international organizations.
Within the frame of the given project more than 70 traditional technologies, including 40 in the form of posters were collected. The received responses and interest of all interested structures and especially farmers in previous year causes real necessity of continuation and improvement of the given action for the next years.
Objective: The purpose of the project is promotion and assistance of steady use soil and water-saving practical examples through resource saving technologies and approaches.
Methodology: The first part of the work is search and revealing effective soil and water-saving technologies in those fields of activity which are spent within several years in Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan. The special attention is given to economic and social advantage of the selected technologies. Criteria of selection are simplicity, availability, acceptability, novelty, efficiency and ecological compatibility. The majority of the revealed technologies concern to branch of an agriculture and forestry, or a combination of these branches. The revealed technologies are estimated by group of experts and best of them are selected and described. The documentation is spent in the full, simple and attractive form. The description includes the general information on the farmer, existing problems and ways of their decision. The special attention is given the description of the technology with the information on realization, opportunities of distribution and profitableness of sold technologies.
Advantages: Recommendations on an effective utilization of soil and water resources in Tajikistan have been developed. A film on project was prepared and had been widespread among villages and many international organizations in form of videocassette and DVD.
Results: Finally efforts on distribution should help villagers to accept and acquire such technologies for increase of the income and the contribution to sustainable use of natural resources. Since 2003 from 100 described technologies 74 were realized in Central Asia. Public hearing and a round table about the Water Code and Association of water-users were held. As a result of these efforts changes, additions were done by parliament of Tajikistan. Through the Alliance of Mountain Communities of the Central Asia (АГОЦА) visits for villagers on an exchange of experience, including technologies of water and soil conservation were organized. Breadboard model on soil erosion in common with experts of the Scientific Research Institute of Soil Science and Technological University were made. 100 various promising water and soil conservation technologies from Central Asia were prepared in form of posters and printed in format А3 for distribution to farmers
The given project began in 2004, based on the result of pilot research on “Energy situation in mountain regions”. Two main approaches were identified and prioritized for this research: efficiently insulating buildings using local materials and building energy-efficient stoves. The results of the various project steps were discussed in seminars with villagers, in sessions with academics from Tajik Technical University “M.S. Osimimi”, and at the CAMP Kuhiston offices in Dushanbe.
Objectives: The goal of this project is to increase people’s awareness of the sustainable use of natural resources, alternative sources of energy, methods for insulating residential and public buildings, and options for building energy efficient stoves.
Methodology: The seminars on energy conservation consist of two steps. The first step is a three day theoretical session which follows the methodology developed at the University of Bern, Switzerland. The second step is a practical seminar where the methods of insulating building are demonstrated visually. A minimum of two local tradesmen are trained during each seminar.
Advantages: The advantage of these insulation methods is their use of local, inexpensive, and affordable insulation material like rice, wheat, and flax straw; dry grass; and farm waste. Additionally, specialized equipment and special construction knowledge are not required.
Results: Participants began building energy-efficient stoves and shared their skills and knowledge with other neighboring villages. Due to the high costs of reconstructing old buildings, villagers use the insulation method when building new facilities. According to the statistics, energy usage was reduced up to 50% and a significant number of illnesses, like cold, decreased among children since the project started in 2004.
Nowadays CAMP Kuhiston continues work on the given directions as trainings and formation of energy committees in villages members of AGOCA (CAMP Kuhiston partner).